Hydroculture – Indoor Gardening

Hydroculture – growing plants without soil Indoor

Getting started:

  • a young plant
  • A plastic mesh basket pot, with mesh sides.
  • A larger pot that can hold the mesh pot and that can contain water
  • Clay granules
  • A water indicator
  • Special Hyrdroculture fertilizer
  • Tap water

Here are the easy steps in making your on hydroculture plant:
1. Remove the young plant from its soil tray. Wash all of the soil completely from it. Then find a mesh plastic pot. Now place the plant in the bigger container.
2. Pack clay granules around the roots carefully without damaging the roots of the plant.
3. Find a larger watertight container. Place about 1/2 inch of clay granules to the bottom of the container. Insert the mesh container into a larger watertight container.
4. Insert the water level tube inside the first container (the mesh container that is containing the plant).
5. Secure the inner pot and the water indicator with more clay granules, so that the inner pot can not be seen.
6. Sprinkle special hydroculture fertilizer over the clay granules.
7. Wash the fertilizer down into the granules as you water the plant up to the maximum level on the water indicator. Water again whenever the water indicator shows that the plant is dry. Always fill with plain tap water.

The ranges of plants that are suitable for hydroculture are wide:

cacti, succulents, yucca
begaonia manicata
codiaeum – (“garden croton” or “variegated croton”; syn. Croton variegatum L.)
hoya- an Asclepiad genus of 200–300 species of tropical plants in the family Apocynaceae (Dogbane)
vriesea genera of bromeliads
The water indicator shows that the plant needs watering. Then wait a few more days before filling again. Don’t keep topping the water to keep the indicator showing the maximum level. It is important that air is allowed to penetrate to the lower levels of the plant.

Always use tap water. The special ion-exchange fertilizer depends on the chemicals in tap water to function properly.
The water must be room temperature and definitely not cold. There is no soil to protect it. If you use cold water the water will chill the plant and this is the number one reason why hydroculture plants fail.
Replace the fertilizer ever six months. You can just sprinkle it on the top of the plant and water it like you did in the beginning. The watering will wash the fertilizer down to the roots of the plant.
The plant will need to be repotted at a later stage. It may take a bit longer because the roots usually grow smaller when planting this way because they do not have to search for water. You can usually tell when the plant needs repotted because the leaves of the plant will look out of proportion with the pot. When repotting the plant, be careful not to damage the roots. You may have to cut the inner pot away from the plant, depending on how the roots grew. You can tell this after you remove it from the larger container.

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